Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: 0

Terms Letter: 0

.com
It is a top level domain name(TLD). Very popular one. Its primary purpose was to be used by commercial enterprises. However nowadays the .COM are the most commonly used domains.

.gif
It is a file extension used for image files. A graphics file format developed by CompuServe and used for transmitting raster images on the Internet. It is very good for use with images that has large areas of one and the same color

.htaccess
A special file used by the Apache Web Server. Using .htaccess you can configure quite a lot options of the web server itself. For example, you can: change default/start page of your site; prevent directory listing; establish password protection; prevent hotlinking; manage redirects; set some mime types; deny access by ip address or hostname.

.jpg or .jpeg
These are extensions used for image files that utilize a graphics format developed by the Joint Photographic Experts Group, hence the name. JPEG is a popular file compression format which allows the storage of high quality images in relatively small files.

.mov
Apple QuickTime MOVie motion video file format. QuickTime player is needed in order to play such a file.

.mpg or .mpeg
File extension used for movies in high quality video format developed by the Motion Pictures Expert Group, hence the name.

.zip
A compressed file format (.zip). To uncompress the file, you need a utility like WinZip (Windows). Zip files contain vast amounts of information that has undergone compression to reduce the amount of space that the data take up. In other words when you ZIP a file it gets smaller in size.

404 Page
Also known as missing page or 404 HTTP error. It is a special response defined by the HTTP protocol. The server tells the browser that the document you have requested cannot be found on the server. Usually a broken hyperling will result in 404 error. Most web hosting providers give an option to the user to modify the appearance of the 404 page or set their own HTML document to act as an 404 page.

301 Redirect
Very popular these days. If you happen to read some forum regarding search engine optimization SEO, you will most probably get on a topic for 301 redirects and search engines in particular Google. Simply the 301 redirect is an HTTP response, which tells your browser or the search engine that the URL requested has been moved permanently. There is also 302 response which means moved temporary.

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: A

ActiveX
ActiveX is a model for writing programs.Developed by Microsoft ActiveX technologies are based on COM (Component Object Model). For example Flash movies are using ActiveX to be displayed in a user browser. ActiveX can be used with a variety of programming languages and in an Internet programming environment.

Addon domains
A term used to describe the option to host additional domain names on a shared hosting account. With addon domain names you can host multiple domain names/sites with a distinct content on a single hosting account. The addon domain names usually are pointed to some folder on your web space and open a differnt website from your main site. With most web hosting providers you can have separate email accounts for the addon domain. The only downside is that you do not have a separate Control panel for the addon domain. If you need the option to have separate Control Panels for each additional domain name, then you will have to look for some kind of a Reseller package.

ADO
Microsoft ActiveX data objects. A unit of information that can be addressed individually in the ActiveX architecture. ADO is commonly used to manipulate data in databases, such as Microsoft SQL Server 2000, Oracle, and Microsoft Access.

ADSL
Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line – sounds scary doesn’t it. Well, its just a high speed connection to the Internet which uses regular telephone line. It is getting more and more common these days.

Affiliate Program
The name says it all. Most of the web hosting companies do have an Affiliate Program. That is you sign up as an affiliate and you get commission for every new customer your refer to them.

AIFF
Audio interchange file format. It is the default sound file on Macintosh computers

Anonymous FTP (Anon FTP)
It is the option to use an FTP site without having username or a password. You can use Anonymous FTP on your web hosting account to allow users to upload and download files from your site. However you need to use this feature carefully as a malicious user can upload MP3 files or pirated software and your site may be shut down for violation of the web hosting company terms. So in our opinion nobody should use Anonymous FTP – it is just not safe.

ANSI
American National Standards Institute. This organization is responsible for approving U.S. standards in many areas, including computers and communications. Standards approved by this organization are often called ANSI standards

Anti-spam for email
Usually a program that runs either on an email server or locally on your computer that filters incoming messages after some heuristic analysis. A must-have in today\’s Internet, although sometimes it can block legitimate email messages.

Anti-Virus program
A program that scans your computer, files, email attachments for viruses. Usually when a virus is found the program deletes it or prompts the user with several options. Most web hosting companies offer anti-virus for email as almost all of the computer viruses today use email to spread out.

Apache
An open source web server software that is used to host about half the sites on the Internet. The original version of Apache was written for UNIX, but there are now versions that run under OS/2, Windows and other platforms. It is a powerful and stable web server widely used by the web hosting companies that offer UNIX based web hosting services

Applet
Small program written in the Java programming language. The applet runs on your computer, not on the web hosting server. So it is not dependent on the web hosting server at all. Java Applets can be embedded in any HTML page on your site.

ARJ
A compression format. It was very popular under DOS(Disk Operating system). Lost its popularity these days and was replaced by ZIP, RAR, TAR.GZ and BZIP

ARPA
Advanced Research Projects Agency. Now called DARPA. The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) is the central research and development organization for the Department of Defense (DoD). ARPA funded research and experimentation with ARPANET, the predecessor to the Internet.

ARPAnet
The precursor to the Internet. Landmark packet-switching network established in 1969 by the US Department of Defense as an experiment in wide-area-networking that would survive a nuclear war.

ASCII
American Standard Code for Information Interchange. ASCII is the most common format for text files in computers and on the Internet. In an ASCII file, each alphabetic, numeric or special character is represented with a 7-bit binary number (a string of seven 0s or 1s).

ASP
Active Server Pages. A language for creating dynamic applications. Technology designed by Microsoft as an alternative to CGI scripts for creation of interactive Web content, especially when it involves interaction with databases and other programs. ASPs have VBScript or Jscript code embedded in the HTML. One of the major parts of the .NET initiative is ASP.NET, a new version of Active Server Pages.

Attachment
An attachment is a file that is sent along with an e-mail message. Attachments are normally considered separately from the body of the email message, and can be nearly any type of file. When you send your friend an image it goes as an attachment in your email. Unfortunately, these days most of the Internet viruses are spread out as email attachments. So you should always be careful when you open an attachment.

Authentication
The process of verifying one’s login credentials. It is the process of verifying the identity of the user at the other end of a link. Usually you are being asked for username and a password so the system can verify if you are granted to access certain resources there

AVI
Audio Video Interleaved – a common video file format (.AVI) A Microsoft video format files will end with an .avi extension

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: B

Terms Letter: B

B Channel
The ISDN bearer server channel. This channel carries digital voice and/or data transmission at a rate of 64 Kbit/sec. Primarily used for data (as opposed to signaling) transmissions.

Backbone
A term that is often used to describe the main network connections that comprise the Internet or other major network. This term is relative since a backbone in a small network will likely be much smaller than many non-backbone lines in a large network. Backbones are operated by major telecommunications companies such as Global Crossing GBLX Sprint, AT&T.

Bandwidth
That is the amount of data(files, images, HTML documents) that can be transfered through an Internet line for a given period of time. Telephone lines have the lowest bandwidth. Fiber optics have the highest bandwidth. Bandwidth is usually measured in the number of bits that can be transmitted is a second, i.e., Mbps.

Baud rate
The rate of data transmission based on the number of signal elements or symbols transmitted per second. Technically, “baud” is the number of times per second that the carrier signal shifts value – for example a 1200 bit-per-second modem actually runs at 300 baud, but it moves 4 bits per baud (4 x 300 = 1200 bits per second).

Binary
Computers use a binary language composed of ones and zeros to do things and talk to other computers. All your files, for instance, are kept in the computer as binary files and translated into words and pictures by the software (which is also ones and zeros). Most of the files you create with word processors, spreadsheets and graphics packages are kept in a binary form that certain software can understand and other software can’t.

binary mode
FTP mode for transferring binary files – multimedia files, executables and other data files. Avoid using binary to transfer Perl scripts as they usually get corrupted, you need to use ASCII instead

Bit
Binary digIT – The smallest unit of computerized data. Bandwidthis usually measured in bits-per-second.

Bit rate
The number of bits that “pass” a given point in a telecommunication network usually within a second is referred to as a bit rate. Often abbreviated as bps, kbps, mbps, gbps, tbps

Body
This is a top level HTML document structure which contains the web page content. In context of an email message, it is the part of an email message where you type your message, as opposed to the header or the signature.

Bookmark
In the context of Internet. It is a feature of the Internet browsers(Internet Explorer, Mozilla, Netscape, Opera) which allows the user to store favorite or important Internet addresses for future reference.

Bot
The name comes from the word “robot”. A bot is a software program used to perform automated tasks. For example all search engines use bots to crawl the internet(e.g Google bot, Yahoo bot) Bots are also oftenly used in the context of IRC(Internet relay chat), where an IRC bot behaves like a real person in IRC chat rooms

Bridge
Usually a device that is used for establishing connection between two LANs. It is a LAN-to-LAN communicaiton device. Also called network bridge.

Broadcast
A process of simulatenous transmission of data packets to all workstations, computers and/or nodes in a network.

Browser
A computer program that is used for viewing web sites across the Internet. The most popular browsers are: Internet Explorer, Netscape, Mozilla, Firefox, Opera, Lynx.

Browser detection
When a web server and/or website tries to determine the browser name and version that the visitor is using. Some sites have different coding for different kind of browsers in order to offer better cross-browser compatibility and better user experience. This is done as not all browsers have the same features and or support certain HTML coding techniques.

BTW
Chat acronym for “By The Way”

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: D

Terms Letter: D

D Channel
It is the data chanel of an ISDN connection. Its speed can be 16 or 64 Kbps

Data transfer
In context of web hosting, it is the total amount of data that has been transfered for a given period. The amount it being calculated based on the size of all files – HTML, images, video, audio, etc – that have been downloaded by the visitors of the website. Sites with rich multimedia content usually need more data transfer per month so you will most probably need to look for a web hosting plan with greater transfer limits.

Database
It is a collection of information stored in a structured format. The most popular and widely used ones are the relation databases. Most web hosting plans offer MySQL database support. Other databases offered are Access, MSSQL, Postgre, Oracle.

Dedicated Server
In the context of web hosting, it is a server located in a data center which serves the site(s) of a single customer. The user can use all of its resources, can install any programs that he wishes. It is like co-located server, however in this case you pay a rent for the server(physical machine) as well along with paying for bandwidth and the other expenses. Dedicated servers are suitable for large and popular sites that require great bandwidth allotments and server resources like space, CPU time, memory usage.

DES
Data Encryption Standard – a common algorithm used for encrypting data. It has been developed in 1977 by IBM

DHCP
Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol – commonly used in LAN networks it is a protocol that lets network administrators centrally manage and automate the assignment of IP Addresses on the corporate network. There is a DHCP server running which gives out IP addreses to the computers connected to a local network.

Dial up
Dialup access is method of connecting your computer to the Internet. This type of access is the slowest ones compared to ISDN, DSL, etc. Also when you are connected to the Internet – your phone line is busy as well.

DNS
Domain Name System. This is a system that translates a website name – e.g www.besthostratings.com – to an IP address or Internet Protocol address. The global DNS data is replicated on many DNS servers across the Internet, hence when you change your domain name DNS information, it takes a while (24-48 hours) to have the changes propagated worldwide.

Domain name
It is the name of your site. It is unique – there cannot be two sites with using one and the same domain name. Domain Names always have 2 or more parts separated by dots. The part on the right denotes the TLD(top level domain part). It can be .com, .net, .org while the other part is the actual name of your site. It is called SLD(second level domain name). The one responsible for the International TLDs is ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers). There are also CC(country code) TLDs – e.g .uk, .fr, .it

Domain parking
Domain parking is the option to have more then one domain name pointed to a web site. Usually a parked domain name is a full alias of the main domain name of the site. A parked domain name shows the same content as the main one. With most web hosting providers you can have mailboxes on the parked domain name.

Domain pointers
These are considered additional domain names pointed to a web hosting account. Some web hosting plans provide the option to have several domain pointers pointed to subfolders on subdomains on your hosting account. Having domain pointers included in your plan gives you the option to host more than one site on a web hosting account.

Domain Registrar
A company that handles the registration of a domain name. There is a list of acredited registrars company available at ICANN Accredited Registrar List There are also Country level registrar companies. A list of registrars that handle each country code domain name extension can be found at IANA CC database

DOS attack
Denial of Service attack. A method of attacking a server by sending an abnormally high volume of requests over a network, which essentially slows down the performance of a server, such that the server is unavailable for any users.

DSL
Abbreviation for Digital Subscriber Line. This is a technology for connecting to the Internet over a regular phone line. However it is faster in times(30 to 50) compared to the dial-up method. A commonly discussed configuration of DSL allows downloads at speeds of up to 1.5 megabits per second

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: C

Terms Letter: C

C/C++
One of the most popular programming languages. Most of the software programs and application are being written in C/C++. These can also be used for web programming. You can write your own C program and execute it as CGI on your web server after compilation. The advantages of programming in C is that the C programming language is extremely fast.

CA (Certificate Authority)
A company that verifies the identity of merchants and their web sites. It is an organization that issues certificates which identify the web server origin. These certificates are called Secure certificates and are a part of the SSL(https) protocol. This protocol has provides secure communication between a use and a web server by encrypting the data transmission. SSL certificates are usually used on eCommerce sites where a user enters sensible information as login details, credit card information, etc.

Cable Modem
A special modem that is designed to utilize cable TV lines for fast Internet Access. It offers better speeds than a telephone line – up to 1.5Mbps

Cascading Style Sheets (CSS)
A set of style rules that define how to display HTML elements on your web site. CSS are very powerful and give greater control over how your site will look like in a user browser.

CERN
The European Laboratory for Particle Physics located in Geneva, Switzerland. In 1989 CERN developed Web the hyperlink system to help for scientific researchers to exchange documents easily. This was the birth of the World Wide Web (WWW).

Certificate
Digital signature/ID used for secure transactions over the Internet. SSL certificates are issued by Certificated authorities. It is also possible to have self issued SSL certificate. However in such case your browser will produce warnings about the SSL validity.

CGI
Common Gateway Interface. A set of rules that define how a web server will communicate to another software program and how this other program will talk back to the web server. A CGI program can be any Perl, Python, C/C++ application. Even in some setups PHP scripts are running as CGI as well

cgi-bin
A special folder/directory on the web server where you can place Perl/CGI, Python, C/C++ scripts to be executed.

CHAP
Challenge Handshake Authentication Protocol. It as an authentication protocol that is commonly used in dial-up connections. It is a PPP protocol.

CLI (command-line interface)
An interface that enables you to type executable instructions at a user prompt. It is the opposite of the GUI (Graphical User Interface). Example for operating systems that offer CLI are UNIX, Linux, BSD, DOS

Client
Used to define a computer program running on a user computer that is connecting to a server. Example for a client program will be some FTP program, or email program. They can be referred as FTP client(CuteFTP), email client(Outlook express).

Client/Server
A common network design where the two main parts of the system are the server and the client. A client can be any user with computer or another server. In other word the one that provides the services is the server and the one that receive them is the client. Internet is based on that network architecture.

clustering
A server architecture that connects many small computers to perform a given task. The result is that they behave as one machine. For example Google uses thousands of regular computers to maintain their web site index and deliver search results. Usually this is done for better performance and reliability.

Co-location (colo)
It is a hosting service where a Data center allows you to place your own server in their facility. They provide high-speed connectivity, security, environment, backup power and basic technical maintenance. It differs from a Dedicated server as the user is the owner of the server equipment. He only pays for place and bandwidth to the Data center. Most of the web hosting companies are using co-located servers for their business.

Cobalt RaQ
It is a brand of servers specially designed for web hosting by SUN

ColdFusion
It is a server side application language created by the Allaire Corporation and now owned by Macromedia. It uses HTML-like tags called CFML to enable back-end ODBC database connectivity as well as data manipulation and validation within webpages. It is offered as a feature with windows hosting plans.

Control Panel
In the context of web hosting it is an on-line application that give us the user ability to control many aspects of his web hosting account including, but not limited to: creating mailboxes, setup email forwarding, uploading and editing files, creating sub domains, park additional domains, automated installing of ready to use scripts and programs, managing databases, setup shopping carts. You need to check what exactly is included in a given control panel with the web hosting company you have chosen to go with.

Cookie
It is a file on your computer saved by your browser and accessible by a given web server. It stores information about your visit on a given site. Cookies are used for example for storing user preferences, for maintaining sessions, etc.

Cpanel
CPanel is web based software that is offered by a lot of web hosting companies. Using CPanel you can manage all aspects of your hosting accounts, such as creating mailboxes, uploading files, managing databases, viewing site statistics, installing scripts, creating ftp users, etc

CPU
Central Processing Unit. It is the computer brain – its most important part.

Crawler
Also referred to as a spider. It is an automated program used by search engines to collect data for web sites. A crawler will download your web page and will analyze its content and links. Then it will usually visit each link and so on. The data collected is used for building the search engine index which is used for providing search results to the users.

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: E

Terms Letter: E

E-Business
Short for electronic business. It is a way of conducting business using web and Internet technologies. In other words you use Internet to sale goods and services. It extends the traditional business practices using the modern Internet technologies. An example for e-Business is a online store with shopping cart and online payments.

Electronic Mail (E-Mail, email)
It is one of the most popular Internet services. Email is electronic messaging that uses standard conventions for addressing and delivering content across the Internet. An email message has three parts: a header, a message, and attachments (documents or computer readable files). The header contains much technical information about the source and the route the message took from sender to recipient. Most of this is irrelevant to normal users, but it is useful to have when things go wrong. You have to have an email account in order to be able to use this service. Usually you get several email accounts with the web hosting provider that hosts your domain name.

Encryption
Encryption is the process of converting readable data into unreadable characters to prevent unauthorized access. To decipher the message, the receiver of the encrypted data must have the proper decryption key. Also there are one-way encryption methods, which cannot be decrypted later. For example MD5. These are used for storing sensible information as passwords for example.

Ethernet
A local-area network protocol developed by Xerox Corporation in cooperation with DEC and Intel in 1976. A very common method of networking computers in a LAN. Ethernet will handle about 10,000,000 bits-per-second and can be used with almost any kind of computer.

Extranet
An Extranet is a private network that uses the Internet protocols and the public telecommunication system to share part of business information with suppliers, vendors, customers, or other businesses. An extranet can be viewed as part of a company’s Intranet that is extended to users outside the company.

EZMLM
EZMLM is a popular mailing list software designed for Linux/Unix systems

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: F

Terms Letter: F

Fantastico
A popular script auto-installer. A web based application included in some web hosting Control Panels (CPanel for example). It contains a collection of free scripts such as PHPBB, WordPress, PHPNuke, Mambo, etc. Using Fantastico you can easily have any of the free scripts installed on your hosting account with a few clicks. Very useful utility for people who do not have time or skills to install these on their own.

FAQ
Frequently Asked Question. A list of frequently asked questions and answers to them. FAQ are commonly used along with manuals or help guides for a given products. They are a very good way of finding solutions to different problems. Most web hosting companies have extensive FAQ with answers to commonly asked question of their customers.

Fast Ethernet
A term to describe Ethernet at 100Mbit/sec as opposed to 10Mbit/sec (just called Ethernet). These days 10 Mbit/sec ethernet networks are hard to find :).

FCC
Federal Communications Commission. FCC is the U.S. regulatory authority for telecommunications.

FDDI
Fiber Distributed Data Interface. A very high speed network protocol. A standard for transmitting data on optical fiber cables at a rate of around 100,000,000 bits-per-second. This speed is 10 times as fast as Ethernet, and about twice as fast as T-3.

Fibre Optic Cable
Also called optical fibre, it is a cable used for transmitting data as a light wave. It is more expensive that copper wire, but offers higher transmission speeds and allows data transmission over larger distances.

File permissions
Most web hosting providers run Unix servers. On UNIX servers every systems user has unique username, usually that is you web hosting account username. Each username can be a member of one or more system groups on the server.

Every file or directory on a Unix/Linux server has owner and a dedicated group.

In short the permissions define what privileges the users on the server have for a certain file.

In most FTP programs and web based file managers the file permissions are represented with numbers. For example:
index.html 644
mail.pl 755

The first number represents the owner permissions, the second the group permissions and the last one the permissions for all the other users on the system.

In general the permissions are:
1 – execute
2 – write
4 – read

So 644 means
6 (2+4) – read + write for owner
4 – read for group
4 – read for others

755
7 (2+4+1) write, read, execute for owner
5 (4+1) read and execute for group
5 (4+1) read and execute for others

Usually HTML files, images, CSS should be with 644 permissions

CGI scripts (Perl, Python, Ruby etc) should have 755 or 775 permissions in order to work.

Folders usually should have 775 or 755 permissions.
And if you wish to give full access to your files by all users on the system you need to give 777 permissions

Filename extension
Usually three or four letters that follow a period after the filename. They designate the file type. There are hundreds in existence, and new ones frequently being invented. Examples are: .txt (text file), .gif, jpeg, bmp, exe, com, bat, ini, conf

Filtering
A process for screening network traffic for certain characteristics, such as source address, destination address, or protocol, and determining whether to forward or discard that traffic based on the established criteria. It is used in firewalls in order to decide if the traffic is to be forwarded or rejected. It is the network security basics.

Finger
An program for “locating” people on computers – either one’s own or another. finger is also sometimes used to give access to non-personal information, but the most common use is to see if a person has an account at a particular Internet site and/or whether they are presently logged in. Some sites do not allow outside finger requests, but many do.

Firewall
It is either a software or a hardware device that is used to protect internal network or even a single computer from attacks and unauthorized access.

Frame Relay
Frame Relay is a network technology. It is a communication interface that provides high-speed packet transmission with minimum delay and efficient use of bandwidth. It assumes that all connections are reliable and does not have error detection or control which helps to speed up the protocol.

FrontPage Extensions
A set of programs installed on a web hosting server which enable users of Microsoft FrontPage to use its special components (called Web Bots). The extensions can be installed for Microsoft Internet Information Services (IIS) and on other Windows (usually Windows NT) and UNIX web hosting servers.

FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A common method for downloading and uploading files to a web hosting server. Popular FTP programs are CuteFTP, SmartFTP, WS_FTP. More of the the contemporary Internet browsers support FTP transfer as well.

FYI
Chat acronym “For Your Information”

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: G

Terms Letter: G

Gateway
A TCP/IP host(e.g computer or other hardware or software device) that has access to two or more different LAN networks. As such, it can forward messages across networks that other hosts would not be able to access.

Gigabit Ethernet
A term to describe Ethernet at 1000Mbit/sec as opposed to 10Mbit/sec (just called Ethernet) or the Fast Ethernet that runs at 100Mbit/sec

Gigabyte (Gb)
1024 Megabytes (MB). 2^30 bytes, or 1,073,741,824 bytes.

Graphical User Interface (GUI)
GUI is an object-oriented display format that allows the user to select from menus and icons, using either a mouse or keystroke commands. GUI displays are typical of the Macintosh and Windows environments. However these days there are a lot of GUI solutions for Linux desktop computers – RedHat, Mandrake have KDE and Gnome available as GUI

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: H

Terms Letter: H

HEX – Hexadecimal color system
The most commonly used way to define colors in the Web. It is a system that defines colors based on their RGB values and associates a two digit hexadecimal number with each base color (red, green and blue). For example #FFFFFF is representation of white in HEX

Hit
In the context of a web site a “hit” is used to describe a single request made by a web browser. It can be a request either for an image or HTML document or any other document residing on the web site. So a visit to a single web page can result to several hits, depending how many external elements are loaded by the page.

Home Page
In context of web hosting it is the main, start page of your site. That is the page that should be loading first when a user visits some site.

Horde
The most famous part of Horde is the Horde Webmail program. A decent web based email client with a lot of features and options.

Host
Any computer on a network that provides some kind of services – web, mail, FTP, etc. All servers that a web hosting company is running can be called hosts as they have web, mail, ftp server running there.

HTML
Hypertext Markup Language. It is the language used to create web pages. The markup tells the Web browser how to display a Web page’s text and images for the user. HTML code is stored in a normal text file. The most important feature of HTML are the hyperlinks as they allow pages to be linked one to another. There is no need to know HTML to create a webpage these days. There are many software products that provide you with WYSIWYG interface for creating your site just with drag-n-drop while the program itself takes care to generate the proper HTML code needed for the page.

HTTP
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol. It is set of rules used between a web browser and a web hosting server to request a web site and transfer its contents. The rules are maintained and defined by W3C (World Wide Web Consortium). The latest version of HTTP is 1.1.

HTTPS
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol over Secure Socket Layer, or HTTP over SSL) is a Web protocol developed by Netscape. A version of HTTP protocol that uses encryption to ensure the security between your browser and the server when exchanging secure information. It is mandatory for eCommerce sites that accept online payments.

Hub
A network device that connects several computers on a Local Network. Smart hubs or switching hubs are often used to improve performance by managing traffic.

Hyperlink
A text, image or some other media that is linked to another web page. When a user clicks on a hyperlink its browser gets transfered to the linked document. The word hyperlink is sometimes referred to as “link”

Hypertext
Any text on a web page that contains links to other web pages. Browsers usually display hypertext as underlined and in blue color.

Web Hosting Glossary,Terms Letter: I

Terms Letter: I

IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers. A professional organisation whose activities include the development of communication and network standards

IIS
Microsoft Internet Information Server. It is a web server, product of the Microsoft corporation. All Windows web hosting plans are using IIS as a web server software.

Image Map
It is an HTML attribute of an image placed on a web page. With image maps you can define certain areas of the image as hyperlinks. These hyperlink act the same way as the usual text based hyperlinks – when clicked they take the user browser to the linked web page.

IMAP
Internet Message Access Protocol. A way of accessing your email directly on the server. It differs from POP the way it reads messages on the server. While POP downloads the messages to your computer and deletes them from the server, with IMAP you can have your messages on the server, even organized in folders. IMAP is useful when you you use to read your email at several computers.

IMHO
Chat acronym for “In My Humble Opinion” (or: In My Honest Opinion)

IMO
Chat acronym for “In My Opinion”

Internet
A global network linking millions of computers for communications purposes.TCP/IP is the standard protocol set for Internet.

Internet Address
Also known as URL(Uniformed Resource Locator) is a unique identifier of a web site. For example our site Internet address or URL is http://www.besthostratings.com. Please note the http:// part. It tells your computer what type of address is that. All web pages start with http://. FTP site start with ftp:// followed by the site domain name.

Internet backbone
Well actually there are many backbones. These are extremely fast connections(T3 and higher) crisscrossing the globe from one major metropolitan area to another. They are operated by global telecommunication companies and all local ISP(Internet service providers) are connected to these backbone connection through access points.

InterNIC
A company that operates the .COM and .NET domain name registry.

Intranet
A private network within an organisation that uses internet technology. An Intranet behaves exactly like the internet in that you can retrieve pages from servers, the difference is that it is not part of the internet, and cannot be accessed from outside the organisation.

IP
Internet Protocol. The Internet Protocol (IP) is used in the TCP/IP set of protocols, which supports the Internet and many private networks.

IP Address
Internet Protocol Address. A unique number for a computer connected to TCP/IP network. The IP address is a numeric address written as a set of four numbers separated by dots, for example 212.5.221.11.

IPX
Internetwork Packet eXchange. A network protocol developed by Novell.

IRC
Internet Relay Chat. A service that allows users located anywhere to participate in discussions, usually in a virtual chat room where they can talk to each other exchanging text messages. To join an IRC service you need to have an IRC program. The most popular IRC client program is mIRC.

ISDN
Integrated Services Digital Network. It is a system of digital phone connections which allows voice and data to be transmitted simultaneously across the world using end-to-end digital connectivity. It has speed of 64Kbps.

ISO
International Standards Organization. The principal international group responsible for standards in many areas.

ISP
Internet Service Provider. Also referred to as local ISP. It is a company that provides access for its subscriber to the Internet. ISP companies provide dial-up, DSL, cable or LAN access. For example AOL, SBC, RoadRunner are ISPs.

ITU
International Telecommunication Union. A United Nations agency that coordinates matters of international telecommunications concern.